Prior outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have caused ≈1,600 deaths between 1976 and 2013. However, more than 20,000 EVD cases were reported in 2014, due to an outbreak that originated in December 2013 in a remote area of Guinea in West Africa. This EVD outbreak has since spread to 9 countries, but 3 of these countries have been particularly affected: Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Public health research on EVD has focused on identifying 1) the modes of EVD transmission and related risk factors and 2) the determinants of survival among EVD patients. The impact of EVD on mortality at the population level has garnered much less attention. We assessed the effects of EVD on life expectancy in LSLG in 2014 using available data. We show that, due to EVD deaths, life expectancy may have declined in Liberia and Sierra Leone to levels these two countries had not experienced since 2001-2003, i.e., approximately the end of their civil wars.