Public Health Seminar Series:

Prenatal and postnatal tobacco and cannabis exposure and child behavior problems by Dr. Rina D. Eiden

Monday, October 29, 2018 12:00pm - 1:00pm Calit2 Auditorium OCW Video Archive
Seminar Abstract

Tobacco use in the form of cigarettes continues to be one of the most commonly used drugs in pregnancy and delivers significant amounts of chemical toxins to the fetus via maternal bloodstream. Tobacco use is often comorbid with cannabis and the two substances are often smoked together, but little is known about potential effects of co-use on child developmental outcomes. Such use is also more prevalent among young, low-income, single women. Together, this reflects a large public health problem for both maternal and child health. Although most women cut down substance use upon pregnancy recognition, use increases within a few months postpartum. Understanding the combined effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure on development, and predictors of increased use postpartum are critical for prevention programming. There are also robust associations between tobacco exposure and increased risk for child behavior problems such as aggression and conduct disorder at early school age. However, outside of teratogenic effects of nicotine, developmental mechanisms promoting this association are not well understood. Dr. Eiden will present results from a prospective study of prenatal tobacco and cannabis exposure from the first trimester of pregnancy to early school age, examining developmental pathways to child behavior problems in a low-income diverse sample of mothers and children.

Speaker Biography - Dr. Rina D. Eiden

Dr. Rina D. Eiden
Dr. Rina D. Eiden Clinical and Research Institute on Addictions, The State University of New York at Buffalo
Dr. Eiden’s research focuses on understanding when and under what circumstances developmental trajectories of children begin to diverge from normative trajectories, in cases when children are at risk for maladjustment due to parental substance abuse. Her studies, many of which follow cohorts of children across multiple years, seek to understand the developmental mechanisms, such as infant-parent attachment, self-regulation, individual differences in children’s autonomic and stress reactivity, which explain the association between parental risk factors and children’s developmental outcomes. Her work also examines the developmental processes in children that promote resilience in the face of risk; the etiological processes in the development of underage drinking, substance use and violence/aggression; implications of these issues for early intervention or prevention programs for at-risk children, and preventive interventions with substance using parents.

Seminars are FREE and open to the public. If you can not attend, Videotapes of Public Health seminars are archived through the UC Irvine OpenCourseWare program - please visit OpenCourseWare: http://ocw.uci.edu.

For updates, please refer to this web page: publichealth.uci.edu

Copyright © 2018 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.